Thursday, July 30, 2020

Oral Health and Special Children Or Person with Intellectual Disability (PWID)

Everyone in this world has right to good health. All the people has right to get comprehensive, quality oral health care. The oral health of special children is always at risk because of poor communication and a general lack of understanding about their needs.

An individual with learning difficulties may not wholly understand  the importance of keeping a healthy mouth. barrier to accessing services for a range of vulnerable population groups, such as PWID (Gordon, Dionne, & Snyder, 1998).Therefore, it is essential to gain a comprehensive understanding of the oral health PWID, to inform the development of strategies and interventions to address the oral health issues in this population and thereby improve their quality of life and general health. Research has shown that poor oral health is one of the most common secondary conditions affecting people with ID (Traci, Seekins, Szalda-Petree, & Ravesloot, 2002). This population group has a higher prevalence and greater severity of periodontal diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis, compared to people without ID. Further, the levels of untreated dental decay are consistently higher in this population with several studies showing more missing and decayed teeth but less filled teeth in people with ID (Anders & Davis, 2010). Factors that contribute to poor oral hygiene among PWID include inadequate brushing technique and a lack of caregiver training.This can be difficult for parents or carers trying to get the individual to co-operate with a healthy day-to-day routine.

Oral health program- Okhaldhunga

Dental caries is one of the most prevalent childhood diseases in Nepal, especially in the young children. Most of the dental caries are not ...